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The GSAT Mathematics and AST Mathematics I &II differ in terms of goals for evaluation and levels of difficulty. The GSAT Mathematics evaluates knowledge of basic high school mathematics concepts and their ability to solve problems using this knowledge. Meanwhile, AST Mathematics I &II focus on students’ ability to express mathematical ideas and solve problems using inductive and deductive reasoning skills.


The objectives of GSAT Mathematics are based on three major aspects of math learning: conceptual knowledge, procedural knowledge and problem-solving skills.

  1. To evaluate conceptual knowledge
    For example: Students’ ability to recognize a certain math concept and the basic theory behind it
  2. To evaluate procedural knowledge
    For example: Ability to read mathematical charts, figures, and use formula and procedures to solve math problems
  3. To evaluate ability to solve math problems
    For example: Ability to apply math knowledge, choose effective strategies, and use deductive skills when solving math problems, and then to check the legitimacy and accuracy of the solutions


The questions on the GSAT Mathematics are based on the 10th and 11th grade required courses in the 2010 version of the Senior High School Curriculum Guidelines.

Focus of the Questions

Development of math concepts is the most important part of math learning, which is why there are more questions testing students’ conceptual knowledge. In addition, students have learned to solve problems by applying math concepts, theorem and properties. So the ability to use theorems and procedures is also a focus of the test. Questions may include more difficult questions that require analytic skills, deductive reasoning and the ability to connect several concepts learned in school.