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Advanced Subjects Test (AST)



Biology



Questions in the Biology of the Advanced Subjects Test (AST Biology) have been based on the 2010 version of the Senior High School Curriculum Guidelines since 2013.

Objectives

The goals of AST Biology can be divided into three major categories and 12 sub-categories.

1. To evaluate knowledge of biology

1a. Basic knowledge of biology

1b. Basic principles in biology experiments

1c. Biological knowledge used in everyday life

1d. Extended knowledge of biology

2. To evaluate the ability to use scientific method

2a. Ability to observe, categorize and deduce

2b. Ability to form a hypothesis, design experiments and come up with innovative ideas

2c. Ability to conduct experiments

2d. Ability to process information and create charts/graphs

3. To evaluate the ability to present ideas or experiment results  
                          as well as to read and analyze articles about biology

3a. Ability to understand scientific articles

3b. Ability to make judgments based on scientific articles

3c. Ability to analyze and make deduction about experiment results/data

3d. Ability to evaluate scientific articles

Scope

The scope of the AST Biology in the 2010 version of the High School Curriculum Guidelines includes the following courses: Required Elementary Biology I, Required Elementary Biology II, Elective Biology. Tables below show the content and teaching hours for the required and elective biology courses.

 

Grade

Course name

10th Grade

11th Grade

12th Grade

Notes

Elementary Biology I

Two hours per week

Two hours

per week

 

Required

Elementary Biology II

(Applied Biology)

 

One to two hours per week

 

Required

Elective Biology

 

 

Four hours

per week

Elective

Listed below are the themes included in AST Biology:

Elementary Biology I

1. Features of life

2. Genetics

3. Evolution and Biodiversity

4. Plant Structure and Function

5. Animal Structure and Function

6. Life and Environment

(Units 1 to 5 include discussions and activities)

Elementary Biology II

(Applied Biology)

1. Life Science and Agriculture

2. Life Science and Food Products

3. Life Science and Medicine

4. Life Science and Environment

Elective Biology

1. Basic Structure and Function of Organisms

2. Energy that Maintains Lives

3. Transport in Plants

4. Plant Reproduction, Growth and Development

5. Animal Circulatory System

6. Animal Digestion and Absorption

7. Animal Respiratory System

8. Animal Digestive System

9. Animal Neurology and Endocrinology

10. Human Immune System

11. Genetics

12. Evolution

13. Biodiversity and Conservation

(Units 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 9, 10, 11, and 12 include discussions and activities)

Focus of the Questions

AST Biology focuses on the following areas:

1.  Students’ learning outcomes in acquiring knowledge of biology

2.  Students’ ability to solve problems related to issues in daily life and current affairs